Over the past decade, there has been a momentous and dire increase in the incidence and prevalence of children with developmental disabilities. This has raised concerns and stirred the interest of significant people like parents/care givers, teachers, doctors, allied health professionals, and all those related to the cause of improving the quality of life of these children. There has been some remarkable work in this field with increasing awareness among parents/care givers, professionals and the community in general. Lot of the focus has been on developing systems and resources to enhance the process of rehabilitating these children and including them in the mainstream society. Of late, the spotlight has been on promoting early intervention. There has also been an interesting increase in the involvement of a range of health care professionals and education authorities working with children.
Over time, various professionals and organizations have experimented, in their own respective areas of interest and specializations, on a variety of methodologies in a quest to find the optimal strategy of working with children to enhance their quality of life. There appears to be a need for a more global approach to identification and intervention in terms of an integrated multi-disciplinary style of working, effective management of support, and a more organized and structured framework of rehabilitation; and a system that will reflect the multicultural and multilingual nature of our community. There are presently many schools/organizations and governmental and non-governmental clinics/hospitals and various other systems that are providing undoubted quality of rehabilitative services. We are also witnessing a rapid growth in the number of institutions and organizations dedicated to the advocacy of the cause. In spite of all the goodwill, hard work and dedication of the people involved, we still seem to be inadequately equipped to support this surge.
There has emerged a need for a system that looks at individual needs of the child and support them when and where most required and help them sustain the skills they have learned, to cope within their community. Extended research has made it evident that every state of an individual such as physical, emotional, cognitive, literal and social is interlinked. This has increased the demand for a multi-disciplinary approach to intervention.