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MILESTONES
 

Monthwise

Yearwise

Cognitive Milestones

  • Responds to sound of bell or rattle.
  • Becomes quiet when picked up.
  • Shows pleasure when touched and handled.

Motor Skills Milestones

Gross Motor

  • Suspended prone - head, hand completely down.
  • Held standing-makes stepping movements.
  • Pulled to sit, completely head lag.
  • Prone -head to one side, hips raised, knees drawn up.
  • Prone -lifts head and holds.

Fine Motor

  • Fisted hands rest near face.
  • Clench small objects on contact.
  • Regards colorful object momentarily.
  • Follows with eyes moving person while in supine.

Social-Emotional Milestones

  • Regards face, smiles reflexively.
  • Establishes eye contact.
  • Stops crying when picked up.
  • Eyes follow moving objects

Adaptive Milestones

  • Opens and closes mouth in response to food stimulus.

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Cognitive Milestones

  • Inspects surroundings.
  • Listens to voice for 30 secs.
  • Shows active interest in person/objects for at least 1 minute.

Motor Skills Milestones

Gross Motor

  • Prone-makes crawling movements, chin sometimes lifted off bed.
  • Supine-turns head side to side, legs sometimes straightened.
  • Held sitting - head forward, back rounded, head lifted briefly.
  • Straightens leg when bottom of foot is pressed.
  • Lifts head when held at shoulder.
  • Thrusts arms and legs in play.

Fine Motor

  • Holds hand together, holds rattle and drops with in 10 sec.
  • Moves arms symmetrically.
  • Stares and gazes.
  • Activates arms on sight of toys.

Social-Emotional Milestones

  • Vocalizes, smiles at others, besides mother.
  • Responds differently to people.
  • Molds and relaxes body when held; cuddled.
  • Draws attention to self in distress.

Adaptive Milestones

  • Naps frequently.
  • Coordinates sucking, swallowing and breathing.

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Cognitive Milestones

  • Inspects own hands.
  • Watches eyes and mouth.
  • Searches with eyes towards sound.
  • Babbles, coos when talked to.
  • Chuckles.
  • Looks more at surrounding in a new place.

Motor Skills Milestones

Gross Motor

  • Turns from side to back.
  • Held sitting or standing- head position predominant sags.
  • Prone- holds head up well off mat.
  • Legs kick in sequence.
  • Suspended prone- head held well above level of body.
  • Held standing- lifts foot.

Fine Motor

  • Reaches for objects, explores.
  • Blinks at sudden visual stimulus.
  • Follows things past midline, and downwards.
  • Indwelling thumb no longer present.
  • Looks from one object to another
  • Keeps hands open 50%of time.
  • Grasps toys actively.

Social-Emotional Milestones

  • Looks at face and eyes of person talking to him/her.
  • Crying decreases dramatically.
  • Responds with smile when socially approached.

Adaptive Milestones

  • Brings hand to mouth.
  • Stays awake for longer period without crying.

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Cognitive Milestones

  • Looks at and reaches for toys
  • Anticipates food preparation.
  • Recovers rattle dropped on chest.
  • Laughs aloud when slightly tickled and talked to.
  • Holds arms out to be picked up.
  • Mouths toys.
  • Looks at objects while handling them.
  • Turns eyes, head to sound of hidden voice.
  • Continues a familiar activity by initiating movements involved.
  • Brings feet to mouth.

Motor Skills Milestones

Gross Motor

  • Prone-rests on forearms, raising head and chest.
  • Supine- head facing forward not turned.
  • Sits- propped, head steady, back curved only slightly.
  • Holds head and chest up on forearm for long period.
  • No head wobble when body is swayed.
  • Sits supported with back straight.
  • Rolls from prone to supine and back to prone.

Fine Motor

  • Watches movements of own hands.
  • Puts hand in mouth.
  • Retains dangling ring.
  • Picks up cube, spoon, and holds first cube regards second cube.
  • Rakes up raisins with fingers against palm.
  • Lifts cup by handle.

Social-Emotional Milestones

  • Stops unexplained crying.
  • Vocalizes in response to adult talk and smile.
  • Discriminates strangers.
  • Socializes with strangers/anyone.
  • Becomes aware of strange situations.
  • Enjoys social play.
  • Makes approach movements to mirror.
  • Enjoys frolic play.
  • Repeats enjoyable activities.
  • Explores adult features.

Adaptive Milestones

  • Swallows strained or pureed foods.
  • Brings hand to mouth with toy or objects.
  • Recognizes bottle visually.
  • Pats bottle, places both hands on bottle.
  • Holds own bottle.

Speech and Language Milestones

  • Turns head toward voices
  • Searches for speaker
  • Cries at an angry voice
  • Stops crying when spoken to
  • Recognizes own name
  • Responds to sounds other than voices
  • Laughs
  • Babbles
  • Stops babbling when another person vocalizes
  • Vocalizes in response to singing
  • Attempts to interact with an adult
  • Initiates 'talking'

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Cognitive Milestones

  • Plays peek-a-boo.
  • Slides toy or object on surface.
  • Responds to facial expressions.
  • Projects on fast moving objects.
  • Pats mirror image.
  • Repeats action that produces a noise.
  • Shakes head no-no.
  • Imitates sounds.

Motor Skills Milestones

Gross Motor

  • Sits supported in high chair.
  • Bears almost all weight while standing supported.
  • Prone- bears weight on one hand.
  • Sits without support on floor.
  • Bounces when held standing.
  • Crawls on belly.
  • Pulls self to stand.
  • Stands holding onto furniture's for 5 minutes.
  • Makes stepping movements.

Fine Motor

  • Reaches for objects in each hand.
  • Takes tiny objects.
  • Uses inferior pincer grasp.
  • Removes pegs from pegboard.
  • Takes objects out of container.
  • Holds bites and chews cracker or cookies.
  • Grasps with thumb and fore finger.
  • Plays with paper when it is offered.

Social-Emotional Milestones

  • Distinguishes self as separate from mother.
  • Shows anxiety over separation from mother.
  • Responds playfully to mirror.
  • Discriminates strangers.
  • Smiles, pats, vocalize to mirror image.
  • Responds to name with head turn, eye contact, smile.
  • First separation anxiety begins.

Adaptive Milestones

  • Feeds self a biscuit.
  • Bites and chews toys.
  • Chews food with munching pattern.
  • Lifts cup with handle.
  • Finger feeds dry cereal, bits of meat, vegetables.

Speech and Language Milestones

  • Responds with gestures to 'come' or 'sit down'
  • Recognizes family member's name
  • Attends to music
  • Maintains attention to a speaker
  • Stops when name is called
  • Attends to pictures
  • Vocalizes two-syllable combinations e.g. /baba/, /mama/
  • Vocalizes while playing
  • Shouts or vocalizes to gain attention

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Cognitive Milestones

  • Responds to verbal request.
  • Lines up cubes in one hand with one in other hand.
  • Stirs, points, pokes, pries, touches with index finger.
  • Looks at pictures in book.
  • Repeats laughed at performance.
  • Pulls string to obtain ring.
  • Vocalizes to music.
  • Pats whistle doll.
  • Gives toy to adult on request.
  • Removes lid of box to find hidden toys.
  • Follow simple instructions.

Motor Skills Milestones

Gross Motor

  • Stands with one hand held.
  • Sits down from standing.
  • Stands alone.
  • Creeping rapidly on hands and knees.
  • Walks along five steps without falling.

Fine Motor

  • Uncovers toy seen hidden.
  • Hits cup with spoon.
  • Holds crayons, makes marks.
  • Builds tower of 2-3 cubes after demonstration.
  • Marks with pencil.
  • Puts objects into container.

Social-Emotional Milestones

  • Responds to a verbal request, usually in regard to nursery games.
  • Begins to establish the meaning of 'NO'.
  • Gives a toy to adult upon request.
  • Increased resistance to bedtime.
  • Tests parental reactions during feeding.
  • Engages in simple imitative play.
  • Explores environment enthusiastically.

Adaptive Milestones

  • Attempts to remove obstacles on effort to find lost toy.
  • Finger feeds self for part of meal.
  • Takes off hats, shoes.
  • Cooperates in dressing.
  • Inhibits drooling.
  • Cooperates with dressing by extending arm or legs.
  • Sleeps night twelve fourteen hours.

Speech and Language Milestones

  • Looks at the person calling out name
  • Attends to new words
  • Gives objects on verbal request
  • Attends to objects mentioned in conversation
  • Participates in speech routines games e.g. ring-a-ring-a-roses
  • Says 'mama', 'tata', 'papa' meaningfully
  • Imitates non-speech sounds e.g. 'bow-bow', 'kaka'
  • Says one or two words spontaneously
  • Vocalizes desire for change in activities
  • Imitates the name of familiar objects

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Cognitive Milestones

  • Follows moving object with eyes.
  • Responds to voices
  • Looks more at surroundings in a new place
  • Looks longer at human faces than at objects
  • Watches movements of own hands
  • Recognizes differences among people; responds to strangers by crying or staring.
  • Responds to and imitates facial expressions of others.
  • Responds to very simple directions.
  • Pats mirror image
  • Shakes head "no-no"
  • Stops activity when told "no-no"
  • Uncovers hidden toys
  • Imitates gestures and actions.
  • Puts small objects in and out of container with intention.
  • Builds tower of 2-3 blocks after demonstration

Motor Skills Milestones

Gross motor
Fine motor
  • Side steps around furniture.
  • Twists body to pick up object while sitting.
  • Sits without support.
  • Crawls.
  • Pulls self to standing position and stands unaided.
  • Walks with aid.
  • Rolls a ball in imitation of adult.
  • Reaches, grasps, and puts object in mouth.
  • Picks things up with pincer grasp (thumb and one finger)..
  • Transfers object from one hand to the other.
  • Drops and picks up toy.
  • Tries to imitate scribbling
  • Uses both hands freely

Social-Emotional Milestones

  • Establishes eye contact.
  • Smiles spontaneously.
  • Demands social attention
  • Smiles at mirror image.
  • Responds differently to strangers than to familiar people.
  • Pays attention to own name.
  • Responds to no.
  • Cooperates in games.
  • Extends toys to show others without parting.
  • Copies simple actions of others.

Adaptive Milestones

  • Finger feeds self.
  • Some drooling present.
  • Holds spoon.
  • Holds own bottle.
  • Drinks from cup held for him.
  • Chews food with munching pattern.
  • Holds cup with two hands; drinks with assistance.
  • Holds out arms and legs while being dressed.
  • Naps once or twice each day one-four hours.
  • Sleeps twelve to fourteen hours at night.

Speech & Language Milestones
Between birth and age one

  • Recognizes name.
  • Uses vocalizations instead of crying to express want
  • Attends to new words.
  • Imitates familiar words.
  • Performs a routine activity upon verbal request (no visual cues)
  • Looks at appropriate place when asked "where is the ball?"
  • Says 2-3 words besides "mama" and "dada".
  • Laughs at humour
  • Vocalizes to music
  • Participates in speech routine activities.
  • Understands simple instructions.
  • Recognizes words as symbols for objects: Car - points to garage, cat - meows.

Activities to Encourage your Child's Language

  • Respond to your child's coos, gurgles, and babbling.
  • Talk to your child as you care for him or her throughout the day.
  • Read colorful books to your child every day.
  • Tell nursery rhymes and sing songs.
  • Teach your child the names of everyday items and familiar people.
  • Take your child with you to new places and situations.
  • Play simple games with your child such as "peek-a-boo".

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Cognitive Milestones

  • Imitates actions and words of adults.
  • Unwraps toys
  • Can hold 3 blocks in one hand
  • Follows 2 directions
  • Understands and follows simple, familiar directions.
  • Overcomes simple obstacles
  • Responds to words or commands with appropriate action.
  • Is able to match two similar objects.
  • Looks at storybook pictures with an adult
  • Names or points to familiar objects on request.
  • Recognizes difference between you and me.
  • Has very limited attention span.
  • Can complete 3-piece inset puzzles
  • Builds tower of 6-7 blocks.
  • Accomplishes primary learning through own exploration.

Motor Skills Milestones

Gross motor
Fine motor
  • Walks alone.
  • Walks backwards.
  • Picks up toys from floor without falling.
  • Throws ball overhead without falling.
  • Carries large teddy bear or doll while walking.
  • Pulls toys, pushes toys.
  • Seats self in child size chair.
  • Walks up and down stairs with hand held.
  • Jumps in one place
  • Moves to music.
  • Builds tower of three small blocks.
  • Puts four rings on stick.
  • Places five pegs in pegboard.
  • Turns pages two or three at a time.
  • Scribbles spontaneously.
  • Turns knobs.
  • Throws small ball.
  • Paints with whole arm movement, shifts hands, and makes strokes.
  • Attempts to fold paper
  • Imitates circular stroke.
  • Uses both hands in midline - one to hold and the other to manipulate.

Social-Emotional Milestones

  • Recognizes self in mirror or picture.
  • Refers to self by name.
  • Plays by self; initiates own play.
  • Imitates adult behaviors in play e.g. doing housework.
  • Helps put things away.
  • Gives toys to familiar people upon request.
  • Hugs and kisses parents.
  • Desires control of others - orders, fights, resists
  • Shows wide variety of emotions: fear, anger, sympathy, guilt, anxiety, joy.
  • Interacts with peers using gestures.
  • Likes rough-and-tumble play.
  • Attempts to comfort others in distress.

Adaptive Milestones

  • Uses spoon, spilling little.
  • Drinks form cup with one hand, unassisted.
  • Holds cup handle.
  • Gives empty dish to adult.
  • Chews food with rotary jaw movements.
  • Distinguishes edible and inedible items.
  • Unzips large zipper.
  • Indicates toilet needs.
  • Washes and dries hands partially.
  • Removes shoes, socks, pants, and sweater.
  • Replaces familiar objects where they belong.
  • Sleeps ten-twelve hours at night.
  • Naps once in the afternoon one-three hours.

Speech & Language Milestones

  • Understands "no".
  • Uses 20 to 40 words, including names.
  • Uses new words regularly.
  • Refers to self by name.
  • Combines two words such as "daddy bye-bye".
  • Waves good-bye and plays pat-a-cake.
  • Makes the "sounds" of familiar animals.
  • Uses words such as "more" to make wants known.
  • Brings object from another room when asked.

Activities to Encourage your Child's Language

  • Reward and encourage early efforts at saying new words.
  • Talk to your baby about everything you're doing while you're with him.
  • Talk simply, clearly, and slowly to your child.
  • Talk about new situations before you go, while you're there, and again when you are home.
  • Look at your child when he or she talks to you.
  • Describe what your child is doing, feeling, hearing.
  • Let your child listen to children's records and tapes.
  • Praise your child's efforts to communicate.

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Cognitive Milestones

  • Responds to simple directions.
  • Points to 3-4 body parts.
  • Plays with water and sand
  • Identifies rooms in own house
  • Identifies clothing items for different occasions
  • Selects and looks at picture books, names pictured objects
  • Identifies several objects within one picture.
  • Matches and uses associated objects meaningfully.
  • Stacks rings on peg in order of size.
  • Recognized self in mirror, saying baby, or own name.
  • Can talk briefly about what he/she is doing; imitates adult actions.
  • Has limited attention span; learning is through exploration and adult direction.
  • Is beginning to understand functional concepts of familiar objects and part/whole concepts.
  • Matches 3-4 colors, knows big and little.

Motor Skills Milestones

Gross motor
Fine motor
  • Runs forward well.
  • Makes sharp turns around corners when running.
  • Walks downstairs alternating feet.
  • Stands on one foot (with aid).
  • Uses pedals on tricycle alternately.
  • Jumps in place with two feet together.
  • Walks and even runs on tiptoe.
  • Kicks a ball forward.
  • Catches eight inch ball.
  • Climbs ladders.
  • Strings four large beads.
  • Turns single pages.
  • Snips with scissors.
  • Holds crayon with thumb and fingers.
  • Uses one hand consistently in most activities.
  • Imitates circular, vertical, horizontal strokes.
  • Paints with some wrist action; makes dots, lines, circular strokes.
  • Rolls, pounds, squeezes, and pulls clay.

Social-Emotional Milestones

  • Holds parents hands outdoors.
  • Strongly possessive of loved ones.
  • Displays shyness with strangers.
  • Plays near other children, watches them.
  • Throws frustration tantrums.
  • Takes pride in clothing.
  • Defends own possessions.
  • Begins to play house or with cars, dolls.
  • Symbolically uses objects, self in play.
  • Participates in simple group activity.
  • Knows gender identity.
  • Begins to obey rules.

Adaptive Milestones

  • Uses spoon, little spilling.
  • Gets drink form fountain or faucet independently.
  • Helps carry and put away things.
  • Opens door by turning handle.
  • Puts on shirt or dress unassisted.
  • Takes off clothes with help on buttons.
  • Puts on shoes.
  • Squats, holds self and verbalizes toilet needs.
  • Washes and dries hands.

Speech & Language Milestones

  • Identifies body parts.
  • Gives full name.
  • Holds up fingers to tell age.
  • Carries on 'conversation' with self and dolls.
  • Asks "what's that?" And "where's my?"
  • Uses 2-word negative phrases such as "no want".
  • Forms some plurals by adding "s"; book, books.
  • Has a 450 word vocabulary.
  • Combines nouns and verbs "mummy come".
  • Understands simple time concepts: "last night", "tomorrow".
  • Refers to self as "me" rather than by name.
  • Tries to get adult attention: "watch me".
  • Likes to hear same story repeated.
  • May say "no" when means "yes".
  • Talks to other children as well as adults.
  • Solves problems by talking instead of hitting or crying.
  • Answers "where" questions.
  • Names common pictures and things.
  • Uses short sentences like "me want more" or "me want biscuit".

Activities to Encourage your Child's Language

  • Repeat new words over and over.
  • Help your child listen and follow instructions by playing games: "pick up the ball," "Touch Daddy's s nose".
  • Take your child on trips and talk about what you see before, during and after the trip.
  • Let your child tell you answers to simple questions.
  • Read books every day, perhaps as part of the bedtime routine.
  • Listen attentively as your child talks to you.
  • Describe what you are doing, planning, thinking.
  • Have the child deliver simple messages for you (Mommy needs you, Daddy).
  • Carry on conversations with the child, preferably when the two of you have some quiet time together.
  • Ask questions to get your child to think and talk.
  • Show the child you understand what he or she says by answering, smiling, and nodding your head.
  • Expand what the; child says. If he or she says, "more juice", You say, "Priya wants more juice.".

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Cognitive Milestones

  • Recognizes and matches six colors.
  • Copies circle.
  • Understands common prepositions
  • Intentionally stacks blocks or rings in order of size.
  • Builds tower of more than 10 blocks
  • Draws somewhat recognizable picture that is meaningful to child if not to adult; names and briefly explains picture.
  • Asks questions for information: why and how questions requiring simple answers.
  • Knows own age.
  • Knows own name.
  • Has short attention span; learns through observing and imitating adults and by adult instruction and explanation; is very easily distracted.
  • Has increased understanding of concepts of the functions and grouping of objects and part/whole.
  • Begins to be aware of past and present.

Motor Skills Milestones

Gross motor
Fine motor
  • Runs around obstacles.
  • Walks on a line.
  • Balances on one foot for five to ten seconds.
  • Hops on one foot in one place.
  • Pushes, pulls, steers wheeled toys.
  • Rides tricycle.
  • Uses slide independently.
  • Jumps over six inch high object and lands on both feet together.
  • Throws ball overhead.
  • Catches a bouncing ball.
  • Builds tower of nine small blocks.
  • Drives nails and pegs.
  • Copies circle.
  • Imitates cross.
  • Manipulates clay material (rolls balls, snakes, cookies).

Social-Emotional Milestones

  • Takes pride in own achievements; resists help.
  • Likes to be independent; runs ahead of parents while outdoors.
  • Separates easily from mother in familiar setting.
  • Tends to be demanding and dictatorial.
  • Talks with a loud urgent voice.
  • Enjoys meeting more people.
  • Verbally scolds when annoyed or angry.
  • Joins in play with other children; begins to interact.
  • Sings along and makes sequential moves to music.
  • Shares toys; takes turns with assistance.
  • Begins dramatic play, acting out whole scenes.

Adaptive Milestones

  • Pours well form small pitcher.
  • Spreads soft butter with knife.
  • Undresses completely without help.
  • Buttons and unbuttons large buttons.
  • Washes hands independently.
  • Blows nose when reminded.
  • Uses toilet independently.

Speech & Language Milestones

  • Uses verb forms.
  • Uses 'I', 'you'.
  • Consistent use of 's' to express plural.
  • Uses 'this', 'that'.
  • Names at least one color.
  • Counts to five.
  • Verbalizes recent experiences.
  • Can tell a story.
  • Understands 'what', 'where'
  • Uses 'what', 'where' and occasionally 'when', 'who'.
  • Has a sentence length of 4-5 words.
  • Has a vocabulary of nearly 1000 words.
  • Understands "yesterday," "summer", "lunchtime", "tonight", "little-big".
  • Begins to obey requests like "put the block under the chair".
  • Knows his or her last name, name of street on which he/she lives and several nursery rhymes.

Activities to Encourage your Child's Language

  • Talk about how objects are the same or different.
  • Help your child to tell stories using books and pictures.
  • Let your child play with other children.
  • Read longer stories to your child.
  • Pay attention to your child when he's talking.
  • Talk about places you've been or will be going.

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Cognitive Milestones

  • Plays with words: creates own rhyming words, says or makes up words having similar sounds.
  • Points and names four to six colors.
  • Matches pictures of familiar objects.
  • Draws a person with two to six recognizable parts, such as head, arms, and legs; can name or match drawn parts to own body.
  • Draws, names, and describes recognizable pictures.
  • Rote counts to five, imitating adult.
  • Knows own street and town.
  • Has more extended attention span; learns through observing and listening to adults, as well as through exploration; is easily distracted.
  • Has increased understanding of concepts of function, time, part/whole relationships; function or use of objects may be stated in addition to names of objects.
  • Time concepts are expanding; can talk about yesterday or last week, about today, and about what will happen tomorrow.

Motor Skills Milestones

Gross motor
Fine motor
  • Hops on one foot (4-6 steps).
  • Runs more controlled with feet closed.
  • Walks backward toe-heel.
  • Jumps forward 10 times without falling.
  • Walks up and down stair independently, alternating feet.
  • Turns somersault.
  • Shows hand preference.
  • Cuts on line continuously.
  • Solves 12-16 piece puzzle.
  • Copies cross.
  • Copies square.
  • Prints some capital letters.
  • Threads 1/4inch beads.

Social-Emotional Milestones

  • Plays and interacts with other children.
  • Dramatic play is closer to reality, with attention paid to detail, time, and space.
  • Plays dress-up.
  • Shows interest in exploring sex differences.

Adaptive Milestones

  • Cuts easy foods with a knife.
  • Laces shoes.
  • Unbuckles or buckles belt or shoes.
  • Recognizes right shoe from left.

Speech & Language Milestones

  • Has sentence length of 4-5 words.
  • Uses past tense correctly.
  • Comprehends the concept of 'better than'.
  • Consistent use of 'a', 'the'.
  • Uses size and colour adjectives in sentence form.
  • Has a vocabulary of nearly 1500 words.
  • Points to colors red, blue, yellow and green.
  • Identifies triangles, circles and squares.
  • Understands "In the morning", "next", "noontime".
  • Can speak of imaginary conditions such as "I hope".
  • Asks many questions, asks "who?" and "why?"
Activities to Encourage your Child's Language
  • Help your child sort objects and things (ex. things you eat, animals. . ).
  • Teach your child how to use the telephone.
  • Let your child help you plan activities such as what you will make for Thanksgiving dinner.
  • Continue talking with him about his interests.
  • Read longer stories to him.
  • Let her tell and make up stories for you.
  • Show your pleasure when she comes to talk with you.

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Cognitive Milestones

  • Retells story from picture book with reasonable accuracy.
  • Names some letters and numerals.
  • Rote counts to ten.
  • Sorts objects by single characteristics.
  • Is beginning to use accurately time concepts of tomorrow and yesterday.
  • Uses classroom tools meaningfully and purposefully.
  • Begins to relate clock time to daily schedule.
  • Attention span increases noticeably; learns through adult instruction; when interested, can ignore distractions.
  • Concepts of function increase as well as understanding of why things happen; time concepts are expanding into an understanding of the future in terms of major events.

Motor Skills Milestones

Gross motor
Fine motor
  • Runs lightly on toes.
  • Walks on balance beam.
  • Can cover 2 meters hopping.
  • Skips on alternate feet.
  • Jumps rope.
  • Skates.
  • Cuts out simple shapes.
  • Copies triangle.
  • Traces diamond.
  • Copies first name.
  • Prints numerals 1 to 5.
  • Colors within lines.
  • Has adult grasp of pencil.
  • Had handedness well established.
  • Pastes and glues appropriately.

Social-Emotional Milestones

  • Chooses own friends.
  • Plays simple table games.
  • Plays competitive games.
  • Engages in cooperative play with other children involving group decisions, role assignments, and fair play.

Adaptive Milestones

  • Dresses self completely.
  • Ties bow on shoe lace.
  • Brushes teeth independently.
  • Bathes self with some supervision.
  • Crosses streets safely.

Speech & Language Milestones

  • Has a sentence length of 5-6 words.
  • Has a vocabulary of around 2000 words.
  • Defines objects by their use (you eat with a fork) and can tell what objects are made of.
  • Knows spatial relations like "on top", "behind", "far" and "near".
  • Knows her address.
  • Identifies a penny, nickel and dime.
  • Knows common opposites like "big/little".
  • Understands "same" and "different".
  • Counts ten objects.
  • Asks questions for information.
  • Distinguished left and right hand in herself.
  • Uses all types of sentences, for example "let's go to the store after we eat".
Activities to Encourage your Child's Language
  • Praise your child when she talks about her feelings, thoughts, hopes and fears.
  • Comment on what you did or how you think your child feels.
  • Sing songs, rhymes with your child.
  • Continue to read longer stories.
  • Talk with him as you would an adult.
  • Look at family photos and talk to him about your family history.
  • Listen to her when she talks to you.

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